Various furniture making materials GUIDELINES

Wood: one of the most popular materials used in furniture making, it has natural textures, strength, and durability.

Plywood: consisting of thin layers of wood stacked together, it is more affordable than solid wood and widely used in furniture making.

MDF (Medium-Density Fiberboard): produced by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into fibers, MDF is used in furniture making as it has a uniform consistency and is easier to work with than solid wood.

HDF (High-Density Fiberboard): similar to MDF, but with higher density and strength, HDF is used in furniture that requires more durability and strength.

HDHMR (High-Density Hardboard): It is a type of HDF that has a harder and smoother texture, making it more resistant to scratches and dents.

WPC (Wood Plastic Composite): made of wood fiber and plastic, WPC is an eco-friendly alternative to traditional wood in furniture making due to its water-resistant and low maintenance properties.


  • Durability and strength depend on the type of wood used.
  • Hardwoods like oak, maple, and teak are durable and strong.
  • Softwood like pine are less durable and strong than hardwood.


  • Made by bonding thin layers (plies) of wood veneer.
  • Stronger than solid wood because of its layered composition.
  • The durability of plywood depends on the type of wood and the number of layers used.

MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard):

  • Made by compressing wood fibers, wax, and resin under high pressure and temperature.
  • MDF is durable, moisture-resistant, and strong.
  • Its strength and durability are less than plywood but better than some hardwoods.

HDF (High Density Fiberboard):

  • Made by compressing wood fibers, wax, and resin under high pressure and temperature.
  • HDF is more durable and dense than MDF, making it stronger.
  • Used for flooring, wall paneling, and furniture.

HDHMR (High-Density High Moisture Resistance):

  • Made of high-density fiberboard covered with a moisture-resistant layer.
  • HDHMR is designed for use in high-moisture areas like kitchens and bathrooms.
  • It is more durable and water-resistant than MDF and HDF.

WPC (Wood Plastic Composite):

  • Made by combining wood fibers and plastic.
  • WPC is a durable and strong material used in outdoor decking, fencing, and furniture.
  • It has better resistance to water, pests, and decay than wood and does not require regular maintenance like wood.

Different types of wood-based materials have varying levels of durability and strength due to differences in their physical and chemical properties as well as processing techniques used. The type of environment to which they are exposed can have a significant impact on their performance, including their resistance to moisture, temperature changes, and sunlight exposure.

Moisture is a major factor that affects the durability and strength of wood-based materials, as it can cause wood to warp, crack or rot. Hardwood, such as oak, teak and maple, are naturally more resistant to moisture and can withstand harsh weather conditions. Softwood, such as pine and spruce, are less dense and more prone to damage from moisture, especially when exposed to high levels of humidity or precipitation.

Temperature changes can also impact the performance of wood-based materials. Wood expands and contracts with temperature and humidity changes, causing dimensional instability and structural weakness. Some wood-based materials, such as engineered woods, may be more resistant to changes in temperature due to their cellular structure and manufacturing process.

Exposure to sunlight can affect the strength and durability of wood-based materials. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation speeds up the process of degradation by breaking down the chemical structure of wood lignin, causing it to fade, discolor and weaken over time. Certain wood species, such as cedar and redwood, have natural UV-resistance, making them preferable for outdoor applications.

Overall, the type of wood-based material and its specific properties impact its durability and strength under specific environmental conditions. It’s essential to select the right type of wood-based material depending on the application and expected environmental conditions to optimize performance and longevity.

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